Asthma Mortality Varies in Asian and Hispanic Race/Ethnic Groups
California Asthma Quick Facts, July 2009
Asthma disparities among the major racial/ethnic groups are well documented, but information on asthma outcomes for subgroups are seldom reported. For this analysis, asthma death rates in Hispanic and Asian/Pacific Islander (API) subgroups in California were examined for the years 2000-2004. There were significant variations among the subgroups when age-adjusted asthma death rates were compared. Within Hispanic and API groups, Native Hawaiian/Pacific Islander, Filipino, and Puerto Rican/Cuban subgroups had high asthma death rates that were obscured when combined into the broader categories (see Figure 1 below). The considerable variation in asthma mortality rates among Hispanic and API subgroups is consistent with other asthma outcomes. These findings should be used to target and enhance comprehensive asthma management and community-level interventions for particularly vulnerable populations.